Insights into the human gut microbiome - A review
Balanehru Subramanian
Center for Animal Research, Training and Services (CAReTS), Central Inter-Disciplinary Research Facility, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Puducherry 607 402
Sundarakrishnan Balakrishnan
Center for Animal Research, Training and Services (CAReTS), Central Inter-Disciplinary Research Facility, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Puducherry 607 402
Krishna G Seshadri
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Puducherry 607 402
Frederick A Valeriote
Josephine Ford Cancer Center, Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI 48202, USA


Microbiome, Gut, Health, Probiotics, Metagenomics

How to Cite

Subramanian B, Balakrishnan S, Seshadri K, Valeriote F. Insights into the human gut microbiome - A review. jbcahs [Internet]. 25Sep.2018 [cited 17Oct.2018];2(3):103. Available from:


Various microbial communities and their genes collectively known as microbiome exist throughout the human body. The microbiome endows us with physiologic capacities that we have not had to evolve on our own and thus is both a manifestation of who we are genetically and metabolically, and a reflection of our state of well-being. Our distal gut is the known ecosystem with highest density of microbial population and the most comprehensively surveyed to date. The gut microbiome is a complex ecosystem that affects the development, immunological responses and nutritional status of the host. This review briefly discusses the significance of the gut microbiome in human health and wellness.



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